Why are westerners familiar with Japanese honors

Japanese Honors - The Meaning of san, kun, chan and others

Do you know the meaning of san, chan, kun at the end of names in Japanese? In this article we are going to talk about Japanese honorary degrees.

A variety of honor suffixes are used in the Japanese language to indicate people with more respect. These honorary titles are gender-neutral and can be assigned both names and surnames. (Example: Fuji-san / Mount Fuji).

The honorary title is generally used to refer to the person you are speaking to or when referring to a third party. It is never used to refer to itself except for dramatic effects or in a few exceptional cases. Most honors can be written in hiragana, but we will only include romanization and kanji in the article.

It is very important to learn all honorary titles and suffixes as they are always used in the Japanese language, especially the suffixes that are used after the person's name. We'll see most of them in this article:

What does san mean in Japanese?

San(さ ん) is derived from Samais the most common honorary title and a title of respect typically used with peers of all ages. Although the closest analogue in Portuguese is the honorary titles "Sr.", "Senhorita" or "Madam".San It is added to a person's name almost everywhere in both formal and informal contexts.

The importance of -san It's very big, what I'm going to say now is a personal opinion, but let's say I'm talking to someone named Ichigo, which also means strawberry. If I stop using the honor suffixes, someone may mistake the person's name for The Strawberry.

  • In addition to people's names, the san suffix is ​​used in various other ways.
  • Sometimes it is pronounced han (は ん) in the Kansai dialect;
  • Some online MMORPG players usually put the 3 (san) after the name to refer to the suffix san;

San It is also used in combination with nouns in the workplace so that a bookseller can be addressed or referred to as honya-san ("Bookstore" + san ) and a butcher as nikuya-san ("Butcher" + san ).

San It is sometimes used with company names. For example, the offices or stores of a company called Kojima Denki may be referred to as "Kojima Denki-san" by another company nearby. This can be seen on small cards commonly used in telephone books and business cards in Japan.

San It can also be appended to the names of animals or even inanimate objects. For example, a pet rabbit can be called Usagi-san. (It can be seen as childish, it's like you said, Mr. Rabbit.)

What do Chan Kun and Tan mean in Japanese?

Chan (ち ゃ ん) is a diminutive suffix that expresses formality, trust, affinity, or security with the other person. But with that Chan with the elderly or the elderly is ugly and rude. Generally, Chan It is used for babies, children, grandparents and teenagers.

Chan is used most of the time to refer to young women, men rarely use -chan, they usually use -kun. Chan can also be used for cute animals, lovers, and close friends.

To emphasize informality, you can assign the suffix to the other person's initial. For example, a woman named Momoko may be called Mo-chan by someone close to her.

Kun (君) - This is a low education particle, also your kanji is the same as "Kimi" which means "you". The suffix -kun is used among friends, a colleague, a younger brother, or boy. It is often used in the "boss speaks to an underdog" relationship to refer to the underdog.

Tan (た ん) - - It means the same as Chanexcept that it is often used by children when they mispronounce the word. It can be used to make things look nicer when added to a name.

What do dono and sama mean in Japanese?

It's a far more respectful and formal version of the san. It is mainly used to refer to people much higher in the hierarchy and sometimes to a person whom you adore or greatly admire. When you relate to yourself, Sama expresses extreme arrogance (or irony).

Examples: The suffix sama is often used to refer to kings, princesses, gods, chiefs, and customers in a store.

Tama / flame - - Tama and flame are the children's versions of Sama, when kids miss the word and it became popular and kawaii.

Owner (殿) - This suffix is ​​very rare these days and is used to show a very high level of respect (even more than "-sama"). In the Edo period it was used to refer to samurai warriors. Since then, "-owner" has only been used to speak of warriors, but it is perfectly possible to use it on common people if they are very important.

What do sensei, senpai and kohai mean in Japanese?

Senpai (先輩) is used to treat or relate to an older classmate in a school, business, sports club, or other group. At school, students in higher grades than yours are considered senpai. Students of the same or lower class cannot be senpai or teachers. In a business environment, experienced colleagues are senpai, but bosses are not. Senpai can be used alone or as with a suffix.

Kōhai (後輩) - Refers to a junior or the reverse of senpai but is not usually used as an honorary title. Sometimes Kouhai-kun can even be used to refer to a Kouhai.

Sensei (先生) - It is commonly translated as "teacher". However, that is not the real meaning of this suffix. Sensei is used to speak of people who were "born before" (by us) and for that reason have more knowledge and experience in a particular area. For example, "-sensei" is used to refer to masters in fine arts, martial arts, or literature. It is also normal to call a "Sensei" doctor, for example: "Mizaki-Sensei". Mizaki.

Shi (氏) - Shi is used in formal writing to refer to a person who is unfamiliar with the speaker, usually a person who is known through publications that the speaker has never actually met. For example the shi It is common in public speaking, legal documents, academic publications, and some other formal writing and speaking styles. Because the name of a person was used with shican be referred to the person shi alone, with no name, as long as there is only one person to be referred to.

Other Japanese honors

Senshu (選手) - This suffix means "athlete" or "athlete". Used to talk about people who play sports like soccer, baseball, and even Formula 1 racing.

Zeki (関) - Also used for athletes, but only for sumo wrestlers, especially high-ranking ones.

Eu (上) - Often used in aristocratic families in the past to refer to someone you have great respect for, e.g. B. Father, mother and other family members. Examples: chichi-ue (father), haha-ue (mother), ani-ue (older brother), ane-ue (older sister).

Iemoto (家 元) - It is a more formal version of “sensei” used by great traditional art masters such as Japanese calligraphy or the tea ceremony.

Hikoku (被告) - It is used to designate convicted criminals. Suspects who are still awaiting trial are known as "yogisha".

Hime (姫) - Although it is usually translated as "princess", the -hime suffix can refer to a lady of noble origin.

Heika (陛下) - This is a real title that translates as "Majesty". For example Tennō heika (天皇 陛下), which means "His Majesty the Emperor", and Joo heika (女王 陛下), which means "His Majesty the Queen". Another similar title is Denka (殿下), which translates as "Royal Highness".

Kappa (閣下) - Kappa is an honorary title that means "excellence" and is commonly used for ambassadors and some heads of state.

Bochan (坊 ち ゃ ん) - Used for wealthy children, usually by butlers.

Denka (殿下) - Denka is used for non-sovereign kings, similar to "Royal Highness". Denka can be used as "Your Royal Highness" on its own.

Hidenka (妃 殿下) - Hidenka refers to the prince's wife and is used in the same way as the other royal titles.

Japanese honors Daitouryou [大 統領]

Daitouryou means "president" and is used for any national president. It is most commonly associated with a name, such as the 44th President of the United States, obama-daitōryō (オ バ マ 大 統領).

  • Hoshi (法師) Buddhist monk;
  • Shinpu (神父) Catholic priest;
  • Bokushi 牧師) Protestant priest;
  • Senshi (戦 士) Used for warriors;

Japanese honors Shogo [称号]

These are titles created by Dai Nippon Butoku Kai with the International Federation of Martial Arts of Europe. To relate to people at a certain level of martial arts.

  • Renshi (錬 士): Instructor. (Specialist or subject teacher) Excellent 4th Dan above;
  • Kyoshi (教士) Refers to an advanced teacher. (Senior Professor / Expert). Awarded Dan 6 above;
  • Hanshi (範士) Refers to a high level specialist who is known as the "teacher of teachers".
  • Meijin(名人): Approved by a special examination board;
  • Oyakata (親 方) Master, especially a sumo trainer. Also used by yakuza and used by samurai to make daimyō;
  • Shihan (師範) It means chief instructor;
  • Shidoin (指導員) Advanced Instructor;
  • Shisho (師 匠) Another title used for martial arts teachers;
  • Zeki (関) Literally "barrier", used for sumo wrestlers in the first two divisions (sekitori);
Categories Nihongo, Japan, Japanese

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