What is traditional surrogacy

Traditional and gestational surrogacy


One of the most common assisted reproductive techniques is surrogate motherhood. It includes the process when a woman is willing to voluntarily adopt and give birth to a genetically unrelated child who is later passed down to birth parents. From a legal point of view, this child's parents will be the genetic father and mother, even though another woman gave birth to him. There are traditional and gestational surrogacy replacement types.

Let's see what distinguishes these species, how they differ from each other.

Traditional surrogacy

Throughout history, humanity has faced situations when wives, for various reasons, were unable to conceive an heir. In such cases, they often used the help of other women to carry a baby whose father was the husband of a childless woman.

Traditional surrogacy today is characterized by conception using the egg and the sperm of the genetic father. The surrogate mother becomes biological and is a donor. Conception takes place either by the method of intrauterine insemination (IUI) or by the method of in vitro fertilization (IVF).

In contrast to the love of pregnancy replacement, the legislation of most countries prohibits this type of replacement and equates it with human trafficking.

Gestation surrogacy

Gestational surrogate involves the fertilization of an egg by a biological mother with sperm from a biological father, followed by the implantation of a replacement mother embryo. Gestational motherhood precludes the surrogate mother's genetic link with the fetus.

When an in vitro fertilization procedure is performed using the gestational surrogacy protocol, conception is in vitro. Over a period of three to five days, the zygote develops under the supervision of reproductive specialists and, if necessary, analyzes of the chromosome set are carried out. Only a high quality, genetically healthy embryo is in the uterus of a surrogate mother. After the implantation, the woman will carry and give birth all the time, just as she would in a normal pregnancy. In no case is gestational delivery more dangerous than pregnancy as a result of natural conception. Preparing for pregnancy surrogacy begins with choosing a surrogate mother. Candidates undergo a full medical, psychological examination, pass certain mandatory tests. The election will continue until a potential surrogate mother can fully meet the requirements of the specialists for health reasons. After signing the pregnancy surrogacy contract, the surrogate mother must go through specific specific drug therapy to ensure successful fertilization and embryo survival. After a successful implantation, a normal pregnancy, which is not much different from the normal, begins and ends with the birth, and the baby can go straight home with its birth parents.