What is a carabiner


Carabiner originally referred to a short rifle that was fired from horseback by mounted troops. However, the term has suffered badly over time and today describes all possible short firearms.

In addition, is Carabiner Part of the compound pistol and machine carbine.

around 1850

Originally designated Carabiner a rifle that was attached to a cavalryman's saddle with a snap hook. The hoe takes its name from the rifle and not vice versa.

Early Carabiner were carried in a saddlebag, but this type of weapon is known today as a sturgeon rifle.

A Carabiner differs from a dragoon rifle in that the shooter does not sit down to shoot, but remains on the mount.

around 1890

Over time, the way of wearing the Carabiner, the snap hook gone a lot and the rifle was carried on the back. For this purpose, side belt mounts were attached and the bolt handle of rifles with cylinder locks was bent. The weapons have also been shortened to make them more comfortable to carry.

around 1910

In order to have a replacement in the German army for the carbine based on the Gewehr 88 (Karabiner 88) and the short rifles of the artillery (Gewehr 91), new weapons were created based on the Mauser 98 system. These were the Karabiner 98 Cavalry and the Karabiner 98 Infantry. This was the first time that a non-mounted unit had a carbine, and with the 98AZ carbine, which was developed from these two models, the German storm troops also got one in World War I Carabiner.

after 1918

Since after the First World War the Versailles Treaty only allowed the German Reich a certain number of rifles, the number of Carabiner but was less strictly limited, the Karabiner 98b was created, an only minimally shortened rifle 98 with side belt attachments. This is how you circumvent the harsh regulations, but dismantle the meaning of Carabiner.


Shortly after Hitler came to power, efforts were made to quickly rearm. With the Karabiner 98 short (Kar98k), Mauser offered a weapon that was not a weapon Carabiner it was a universal rifle based on the American Spingfield 1903 or the British SMLE. The name was chosen because Hitler had repeatedly expressed his enthusiasm for the Kar98AZ from the First World War. The Kar98k is also not particularly short; strictly speaking, it is the longest of the Mauser karabiners, with the exception of the Kar98b nominal karabiner.


From 1942 onwards, the Americans manufactured the M1 Carbine, a new weapon with what was actually an anachronistic name Carabiner. This self-loading rifle, which was housed in a short cartridge, was mainly given out to troops in the background and hardly to the almost non-existent US cavalry.


In the 80s, the Colt company created a compromise between the long M16A2 rifles and the short CAR-15 Commandos of the Vietnam War (e.g. XM177E1, GAU-5A / A) and called the result M16A2 Carbine, but the model was never used by the US Army put into service under this name.


It was not until the early 1990s that the US Army decided to introduce a weapon based on the M16A2 for rear-mounted units. With the M4 Carbine, Colt developed a suitable model, which in its counting follows on from the M1, M2 and M3 carbines from the Second World War. Compared to the M16A2 Carbine, the M4 Carbine even has a retrofitted side belt holder.


Currently, only a few of their own weapons are used as Carabiner designated. On the other hand, it is very common that shortened versions of modular assault rifles are used as Carbines are designated.

Difference to the neck

Often the terms Carabiner and nozzle interchanged. However, nozzles have a fixed maximum length and a scarf up to the mouth.


In Poland the term karabin means something like rifle (e.g. Kb 98 / G98), first karabinik means carbine (e.g. Kbk 98 / K98).