Why is my mouth dry
Dry mouth: what helps if there is no saliva?
Around half of those over 65 years old suffer from dry mouth as a result of insufficient saliva production. Doctors speak of oligostomy or xerstostomia. This is more than just uncomfortable and can lead to difficulty swallowing, dental problems and constant coughing. Various home remedies can help.
Symptoms of dry mouth
The following symptoms are typical of dry mouth:
- Problems speaking
- Trouble swallowing
- Burning lips and tongue
- Bad breath
- sticky deposits in the corners of the mouth
- cracked corners of the mouth and lips
- small wounds in the oral cavity that are difficult to heal
If you have a dry mouth for more than two weeks, you should see your family doctor or ENT doctor so that serious causes can be ruled out and long-term consequences avoided.
Why saliva is so important
Saliva consists of 99 percent water, but contains important mucus and minerals, salts and proteins such as enzymes and antibodies.
The body produces up to 1.5 liters of saliva per day - in the large salivary glands in the ears, lower jaw and under the tongue, as well as in countless small salivary glands in the mouth. The most important tasks:
- The saliva begins in the oral cavity digestion: Enzymes break down the starch in the food, everything chewed becomes pulp and can be swallowed.
- In addition, the saliva protects the Oral mucosa against inflammation: germs are swallowed and made harmless by stomach acid.
- The saliva is particularly important for teeth and our Gums: It hardens the teeth and protects them from acid.
A lack of saliva can promote tooth decay and periodontal disease. There is bad breath and problems with the so-called teeth holding apparatus.
Causes of Dry Mouth
The causes of dryness of the oral mucosa are diverse:
- dry air
- Sinus infection
- in women, declining estrogen production during menopause
- Sjogren's syndrome - a chronic inflammatory reaction leads to the destruction of the tear and salivary glands
- Metabolic diseases such as diabetes mellitus
- Inflammation of the salivary glands
- Side effects of drugs: Heart and blood pressure drugs such as beta blockers and ACE inhibitors, strong pain relievers, asthma sprays containing cortisone, sedatives and sleeping pills, psychotropic drugs such as antidepressants and neuroleptics
- Stress, excitement and stage fright
- Salivary gland tumor
- Salivary stones
- Radiation due to cancer
Promote salivation in case of dry mouth
There are a few tips for everyday life to alleviate the symptoms.
- Drink at least two liters a day, preferably non-carbonated water, unsweetened teas, juice spritzers or non-alcoholic beer
- do without coffee and alcohol
- do not eat heavily salted foods as they draw water out of the mucous membrane
- to chew bubble gum
- Suck sour candy or the tip of a spoonful of butter
- Chew the fennel seeds or ginger roots
Protect oral mucosa:
- Gargle with sage tea
- thorough oral hygiene
- artificial saliva
What helps with dry eyes?
Dry eyes are one of the most common health problems. When looking for the causes, a check of the tear fluid is necessary. Usually drops help then. more
Dry skin: what helps in winter?
Cold and heating air can dry out the skin, itchy and reddened. With the right care, the skin stays supple and healthy even in winter. more
Care for dry lips in the cold
If lips dry out in the cold, painful inflammation can develop. Care pens, home remedies and peelings provide protection. What should you watch out for in lip care? more
Experts on the subject
Dr. Günter Fritzsche
Dentist dr. Fritzsche and team
(040) 41 11 31 11
Dr. Sylvia Brockhaus, ENT specialist in allergology
Tram ring 3
(040) 89 72 13 31
This topic in the program:
Visit | 02/11/2020 | 8:15 pm
- What is the FatFritz Computer Chess Engine
- How big is the global foundry market
- How can I draw up a site plan
- What color is used in a ship
- How can economy best be described as
- Political scientists are high earners
- What is Post-Narcissistic Stress Disorder PNSD
- Which Neurotransmitters Are Associated With Anxiety Why
- What is an Acute Injury
- What is WiFi pineapple
- What is a transformation curve
- Is it toxic to inhale CFC?
- Which recreational drug causes the greatest poisoning
- Space is scary
- Who is the TTS provider for Siri
- How much should I bench press?
- According to PSK how is the procedure
- How's the homeless problem in Seattle, Washington
- When do cats stop meowing?
- What does your dream hotel look like
- What are jQuery libraries
- Is there an alternative to Kanbanchi
- Connecticut should collect tolls
- Biotechnology How does mass cytometry CyTOF work