Why is MnO2 called Manganese IV oxide

Manganese (IV) oxide MnO2 
 
  


  
Black, metallic
shiny powder
   
Occurrence   
Mineral pyrolusite
molar mass 86.937 g / mol
    


  
AGW 0.2 mg / m3 E (TRGS 900)
density 5.08 g / cm3   
decomposition + 535 ° C
Water solubility   
insoluble
pictogram  

GHS 07
GHS 08
danger
Hazard classes + category  
Acute toxicity oral 4
Acute toxicity inhalation 4
Specific target organ toxicity inhalation repeat. 2
(Lungs, CNS)
HP rates (see also note)  
H 302, 332, 373
P 260, 280.2-3 + 7, 264, 314

disposal
G 4
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CAS 1313-13-9Manganese (IV) oxideManganese (IV) oxide
   
      
  
Manufacturing 
  
It is produced by grinding the pyrolusite, which belongs to the brown stones, or by heating manganese (II) nitrate in the air to over 500 ° C:
  
Mn (NO3)2• 6 H.2O MnO2 + 2 NO2 + 6 H.2O
   
Today, however, the most important technical process is accessible through the electrolysis of a manganese (II) sulfate solution. The divalent manganese ions oxidize to trivalent Mn at the anode3+that immediately goes back to Mn2+ and Mn4+ disintegrates and disproportionate. Brownstone is deposited on the anode.
   
  
use 
  
Manganese (IV) oxide is a versatile oxidizing agent in organic syntheses, for example in the oxidation of aniline to hydroquinone. During glass production, it is used to discolour carbon and sulphide impurities (brownstone means something like "glassmaker's soap"). In flashlight batteries, the graphite cathode is embedded in manganese (IV) oxide: The manganese (IV) oxide continuously oxidizes the hydrogen occurring at the positive pole to form water. Manganese (IV) oxide is also used for gas cleaning in gas masks and as an oxidizing agent in fireworks. The black pigment manganese black was already used by cave painters.