Is Allah the Father of Jesus
Mary and Jesus are venerated as special people in the Islamic tradition and in the Koran. Especially in two different suras, the 19th sura “Meryem” and also the sura 3 with the name “The Imran family” is dedicated to the memory of the life of Jesus and Mary. They tell the story of the birth and childhood of Mary, John the Baptist and finally Jesus.
Mary in the Koran
Mary is presented in the Koran as a pious and venerable woman. She is the woman who was chosen by Allah (compare sura 3, verse 42). The following events are reflected in the holy texts of Islam: Mary's father Imran, God promised that if God would give him and his wife a child, he would pass it on so that it could serve the holy temple. God accepted Imran's prayer and gave them a daughter. Meryem, as Mary is mentioned in the Koran, initially grew up under the care of Zacharias (Zekeriyya). Later Joseph will take care of Mary's needs. Mary, who continued to serve in the temple, met the angel Gabriel one day. He announced the message to her that she would have a son (sura 19, verses 16-21). In the Sunna and in the Islamic histories it is stated how Joseph moved with her to a distant country (Egypt, Damascus etc.), where she then gave birth to her child. After this point in time, however, there is little information about Mary's fate in the Islamic sources.
Mary, was portrayed as one of the most exemplary women in the Qur'an and Sunna. She is the only woman mentioned by name in the Koran. The 19th sura in the Koran is named after her. Their decency, their piety, but also qualities such as sinlessness were mentioned more often in the sources.
Maria has always represented an extremely important position in Islamic society and even today children are often given the name Meryem.
Jesus in the Koran
Jesus is mentioned in the Koran and in the Islamic tradition as one of the great prophets (ululazm) adored. In the Koran and in Islamic literature the name "Jesus" form 'Isâ. Jesus is mentioned several times in the Koran by his nickname "al-Ma-sîh"; however, the Koran does not explain this title in more detail.
His wonderful birth, his tasks, death and resurrection are events that were partially detailed in the Koran.
God created Jesus as a "sign" of his mercy towards people all over the world, since through Jesus' preaching many people would later come to believe in the one God. To refer to the miracle of the virgin birth, the Koran always calls Jesus "the son of Mary". Because the Koran shares the Christian idea that Mary was a virgin when she gave birth to Jesus (cf. sura 21, 91). Already in this birth report, Jesus is viewed as a creature of God like all human beings. The Koran emphasizes that Jesus confesses God as his Lord and Creator. The Koran sees the tasks of Jesus primarily in the fact that, as a prophet, he once again calls the "children of Israel", who had fallen away from the teachings of Moses, into obedience to God and his commandments.
Like other prophets, Jesus received permission from God to perform "signs" or miracles as proof of his divine commission.
Above all, the creation of living birds from clay is mentioned (sura 3, 49; 5, 110). The healings of the sick and Jesus' raising of the dead are also mentioned in the Koran, but without the details given in the Gospels (Sura 3, 49; 5, 110). The Koran also mentions that Jesus was exposed to particularly severe hostility and that therefore God strengthened him through the "Holy Spirit" (Sura 2, 87; 5, 110).
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