How can I become a heart surgeon

Cardiac Surgery Specialist (m / f / d)

Field of activity and tasks of the specialist in cardiac surgery (m / f / d)

Cardiac surgery specialists work in hospitals, university clinics, specialist practices as well as in medical research and teaching. They examine, diagnose and treat injuries and malformations of the heart, the vessels near the heart and the lungs if these are affected by cardiac surgery. Cardiac surgery specialists perform heart surgery and insert artificial heart valves, pacemakers or defibrillators into their patients. Replacing the aggregates is also an essential part of their work. Other frequently occurring operations are surgical corrections after vein removal, bypass operations, heart transplants, lung and heart-lung transplants.

Training and entry requirements for the profession of specialist in cardiac surgery (m / f / d)

Cardiac surgery specialist is a professional development that is completed at university or college clinics. It lasts 6 years and leads to the specialist examination. The prerequisite for admission to further training is a completed medical degree and medical license or permission to practice the medical profession. In the first part of the training, which lasts 24 months, you spend 6 months in the emergency department, 6 months in intensive care medicine and a further 12 months in surgery. The second part of the training lasts 48 months and is completed in cardiac surgery. Up to 12 months can be completed in the outpatient area. The further training is regulated by the individual state medical associations and can vary slightly in the duration of the individual sections.

Competencies, job titles and specialist areas of the specialist in cardiac surgery (m / f / d)

The specialist in cardiac surgery is often referred to colloquially as a cardiac surgeon. In the English language, the job title is Cardiac Surgeon or Heart Surgeon. Core competencies that are imparted during further training primarily include the areas of diagnosis, health care, EKG, cardiac surgery, intensive care medicine, cardiology, patient care and therapy. Important personal characteristics and skills that one should bring along for the profession of cardiac surgeon are a good spatial imagination, observation accuracy, concentration and memory skills, finger and hand dexterity, above-average reaction speed, care, flexibility, willingness to learn, mental and physical resilience, communication skills , Self-confidence and a sense of responsibility.

Treatment methods of the specialist in cardiac surgery (m / f / d)

In a detailed discussion, the specialist in cardiac surgery first gets an idea of ​​the patient's complaints and medical history. Using various examination methods, such as resting, stress or long-term EKG, computer tomography and X-rays, the specialist in cardiac surgery narrows down the range of possible diseases and works out a diagnosis. In some cases, he will also perform catheter exams to help make a better diagnosis. Following the diagnosis, the cardiac surgeon advises his patient on the treatment options and discusses the next steps with him. If an operation is necessary, the specialist in cardiac surgery will carry it out together with his surgical team. After the operation, the cardiac surgeon initiates the necessary follow-up procedures and often works closely with the intensive care specialists. The final consultation of the rehabilitation patient on medication and lifestyle and eating habits is also an important part of the work. Another large part of the work is the administrative and organizational tasks that the specialist in cardiac surgery has to deal with every day. The preparation of expert reports, monitoring of service bills as well as the exact documentation of the operations and treatments carried out are a constant part of the daily work of the specialist in cardiac surgery.

Career and specialization opportunities for a specialist in cardiac surgery (m / f / d)

A postgraduate degree opens up additional professional and career opportunities. Master's courses such as health management, health sciences, health economics, medical informatics or medical and nursing education are ideal for this. A doctorate is usually required for a senior position in a clinic or an academic career at a university. A habilitation is required for the appointment as a university professor. It is also a prerequisite for the position of chief physician at most clinics.

Satisfaction, success and jobs for cardiac surgery specialists (m / f / d)

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