Where is Serbia 1

The conflict between Austria-Hungary and Serbia sparked the world war, and so it had to be a concern of the Austro-Hungarian leadership to “chastise” the small neighboring state as quickly as possible and to create a fait accompli.

The mobilization of the Austro-Hungarian armed forces after the declaration of war on Serbia on July 28, 1914 took place on the basis of a war localized to the Serbian theater of war, so that in addition to the k.u.k. 5th and 6th Armies west of the Drina also deployed most of the 2nd Army north of the Save. The latter, however, was intended for use in Galicia in the event of a war with Russia. After the war with the Tsarist Empire became certain, the majority of the units of the 2nd Army were still transported against Serbia. On the one hand, they wanted to prevent a deployment chaos, on the other hand, they probably had in the back of their minds that the 2nd Army would somehow be able to help in the rapid defeat of Serbia and then all the more troops could be deployed against Russia, which was already - so it was believed - difficult to mobilize .

Since the k.u.k. 2nd Army had to roll from the Sava to Galicia from August 18, 1914 following the units destined for the Russian theater of war, there was only a small window of time for the presence of this army against Serbia - even if only as a threat use.

But not only the military, but also the political leaders and public opinion demanded a swift and successful act of war after the incomprehensibly long span between the assassination of the heir apparent and the declaration of war. The hasty offensive staged by the commander of the troops destined against Serbia, Feldzeugmeister Potiorek, under these circumstances from August 12, 1914, was all the less under a good star, as Potiorek's right wing, the k.u.k. 6th Army, was not yet ready for operations because of the poor rail connections in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Dalmatia.

Accordingly, initially only the k.u.k. 5th Army the Drina, while the 2nd Army, which was to be saved for the northern theater of war, was initially left with the occupation of Sabac on the Drina, but was involved in the fighting in the "wrong" theater of war. The Serbian leadership recognized the diversionary maneuver and threw themselves with the bulk of their associations on the k.u.k. 5th Army.

The battles that followed showed that the Serbian troops were extremely strong, well led and, above all, experienced in the war, while the Austro-Hungarian troops had all the typical manifestations of inexperience. Surprised by the reality of the war, some leaders reacted completely headless, while entire associations were seized with panic. Apparently minor triggers led to a massacre of Serb civilians in Šabac.

The end of the song was a disgraceful retreat of the disheveled k.u.k. 5th Army, which could not be brought to help by the 6th Army, who came later and was far away. The fact that parts of the 2nd Army let themselves be tied up in fruitless battles with the Serbian troops around Šabac, only to finally evacuate it on August 24, 1914, rounded off this first huge setback for the k.u.k. Confidence.

People retreating from the Drina. Serbia 1914

gallery
closeX
  • People retreating from the Drina. Serbia 1914

    KA, BS Kuttig 45

    Z Show on timeline
  • People retreating from the Drina. Serbia 1914

    KA, BS Kuttig 45

    Z Show on timeline
    T transcription

    People retreating from the Drina. Serbia 1914.

    The removal of a strip of terrain along the Drina was carried out by the Korpskdo. has been arranged.
    However, the planned implementation in sections was only partially successful, as on the first evacuation
    days a general, almost fleeing, emigration of the entire population began, which
    of course, since the enemy was often only separated by the Drina, and was also perceived by them. If you wanted the predominantly loyal population here
    do not immediately expose the horror of a serious fight, there was nothing else to do,
    than to carry out an evacuation of the towns on the Drina. In the vicinity
    of the enemy, this had to be noticed by the enemy and frustrated the coming
    Drinaforcing every element of surprise. In fact, the opponent immediately got a
    increased activity noted; Lively patrol service on the Drina, individual previously unoccupied fortifications were occupied, and more active artillery activity continued in many
    Hiring. The Serb knew without a doubt - if his customer service was not even better and better
    would have brought more precise information - that more serious action is imminent!

  • Repulsion of Serbian and Montenegrin forces from Bosnia, translation of an arm of the Drina

    KA, BS translation Drinaarm

    Z Show on timeline
  • Wounded in Suljinhan. Field Hospital of the 15th Corps. Serbia 1914

    KA, BS Kuttig 107

    Z Show on timeline
  • Victory on the Drina

    KA, KS H V a 100

    Z Show on timeline
  • Serbian prisoners in Sabrc

    KA, BS Serbia 3003

    Z Show on timeline