Which official examination is required
Oral exam: useful tips for proper exam preparation
- 7 tips for the oral exam in training
- 1. Thinking period
- 2. Follow up
- 3. Precision
- 4. Keywords
- 5. Use permitted aids
- 6. No answer?
- 7. Your demeanor
- Oral exam exemption
Just the thought of your first oral exam makes you sweat on your forehead? The idea of standing all alone in front of three examiners makes your knees shake? No panic! Such an oral exam is not as bad as you always imagine it to be.
In addition, it is over in no time, because the oral exam in training usually only takes about 20 minutes! We have put together 7 tips for the oral exam so that these 20 minutes fly by. You can also find out what you need to know about exempting trainees for exams and what options you have in the event that you have not passed the exam.
The better you prepare for the exam, the more relaxed you will be on the day of it! So: Even if it is annoying and you have the feeling that you are going through your notebooks and folders for the hundredth time, it will certainly make you sleep easier on the evening before the big exam day than if you had to worry about that maybe you should have learned more.
Think about which questions are likely? You can already work out the answers to these questions and then just rewind them in the exam. We also recommend that you simulate the exam situation. Give your parents or friends the questions you think you will likely have to answer in the oral exam and practice the exam.
The whole situation is half as bad if you no longer see this as an important part of the final exam, but simply as a technical discussion between two professionals. Yes exactly! You are about to achieve your training goal and can now call yourself a professional in your field. Now all that remains is to be able to call up all of the existing specialist knowledge. Then nothing stands in the way of a successful oral exam!
7 tips for the oral exam in training
1. Thinking period
Many trainees believe that their answers have to come straight off the gun during the final oral exam. But it is not like that! Take a little time to think about answering a question. Sort individual keywords of your answer and prepare them in your mind. Then when you know exactly what you want to say, you can answer the question. Remember: in an oral exam, you don't have the chance to add your answer later, as you would with a written exam. Choose your answer carefully and take the time you need for it.
2. Follow up
You stand alone in front of at least three examiners, it is about achieving your training goal: It is the most normal thing in the world when you are excited and nervous. If you are so nervous that you have not correctly understood a question from your examiner, then ask again! It would be a big mistake to be ashamed of this and just go ahead and talk and just hope that this is exactly what was meant. Don't be embarrassed and ask your examiner to repeat the question again!
That is absolutely no problem and is not rated negatively either! Another point is when you don't understand the question itself. Then you cannot think of a suitable answer. In this case, ask your examiner to rephrase the question. Again, there is no problem saying, “Sorry, I don't understand the question. Would you rephrase this, please? ”.
As a well-prepared trainee, you of course know a lot. But because the examination time in the oral exam is very limited, we recommend that you make sure that you give precise answers. Surely you could go a long way and rattle off specialist knowledge that would knock everyone off their feet. But that is not the purpose of the test. Just answer what you've been asked. Long paraphrases and the cutting of many other topics would somehow signal that you do not know a precise answer to the question and therefore simply tell everything that you have learned. Hence our tips for the oral exam: As already mentioned, take a little time to think about it and answer the specific question you were asked.
As a rule, the examiners take key words from your answer and use them to formulate their next question. Our tip: Do not broach topics that you are unsure about or that you find difficult. If you feel very confident about a topic, you could include a keyword from it in your answer. With a little luck, the examiner will jump on it and you could have a positive influence on the rest of the exam in your favor. However, caution is advised here: Only follow this tip if the content really makes sense. Otherwise, the answer is precise.
5. Use permitted aids
Especially those apprentices who have completed a commercial apprenticeship may have to deal with numbers in the final oral examination. Instead of torturing your already too excited brain with mental arithmetic, you can use the aids that are made available to you. Usually this is a piece of paper and a pen, but sometimes a blackboard or a flipchart. Don't be shy! Feel free to use these tools when it comes to numbers or when they might be helpful in answering another question. After all, that's what they're there for.
6. No answer?
You are asked a question and you don't know the answer? No panic! Here it is important to keep calm, breathe in and out deeply and sort your thoughts. Maybe you have a blackout. Then the answer will come back to you in a few seconds. But if you're really stuck, then there's no point in sucking anything out of your fingers.
Be so honest and tell your examiner that you don't know the answer to that. This also has advantages for you: You don't waste time answering the question incorrectly. Instead, move on to the next question. The courage to admit this gap gives you more time to shine with your knowledge in other subject areas!
7. Your demeanor
Of course, an oral exam is about achieving the training goal by showing that you have become a professional in your training occupation and that you are very familiar with the various topics. But your appearance in the exam situation also plays a role. Our tip for the oral exam: Dress a little more chic than usual.
So no torn jeans or a faded T-shirt, but rather a shirt or blouse. It is also extremely important that you arrive on time. Follow these tips and you will make a positive first impression on the examiners! You will keep this positive impression during the entire examination if you always let your examiner finish and do not interrupt him, and if you do not look at the floor but at the examiner when answering the question.
Oral exam exemption
On the day of your final apprenticeship exam, your training company is obliged to release you for the entire examination period. Including breaks! The company can decide for itself whether you have to go back to work afterwards. However, the training companies are not obliged to release the trainee for the entire day. If you have to go back to the company after the exam, the travel time from the exam to the company will be counted as working time. Are you still a minor on the day of your final exam? Then you will be released for the entire day of your final exam! This is stated in Section 15 of the Vocational Training Act.
Oral exam in training failed: what to do?
If you fail your final exam, you can repeat it twice according to Section 37 of the Vocational Training Act. This also applies to the oral part of the final exam! Your training company is obliged to continue to employ you until the next exam date! However, you have the option of leaving your training company and repeating the final exam as an external person.
But be careful: If you finish your training on the contractually agreed date, you will no longer receive any training allowance, you will no longer be allowed to attend vocational school and you will have to register yourself for the next examination at the Chamber of Commerce and Industry. By the way, you also bear the costs for the exam yourself. Another disadvantage: You no longer have any vocational training allowances and the child benefit will also be canceled.
If you want to stay in your training company after failing the oral exam, all of the disadvantages mentioned above do not apply. Incidentally, your training company cannot legally refuse to continue to employ you if you fail the exam. Your training contract will then be extended until the next possible examination date. If you fail the oral exam on the second attempt, you still have a third attempt! Your training company has to keep you busy until you can still take the third and final exam. So don't hang your head! You still have the chance to achieve your training goal.
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