The great pyramid of Giza

Pyramids of Giza

The oldest and most famous structures in the world: the pyramids of Giza

The World Heritage Site the pyramids of Giza, approx. 4,500 years old, are the only one of the seven wonders of the world from antiquity that is still preserved today. The pyramids are about 15 kilometers from the center of Cairo on the western edge of the Nile Valley. The city of Giza is about eight kilometers away.

The Pyramids of Giza and the Great Sphinx have been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1979. The pharaohs Cheops, Chepren and Mykerionos were buried in the pyramids. They served as tombs. The size and age of the pyramids correspond to the order of the names. The pyramid of Cheops is therefore the largest.

When one has the pyramids of Giza in front of one's mind, one inevitably thinks of desert and single-humped camels. The camels came home relatively late. At first donkeys were used as farm animals by the pharaohs. The Libyan desert is alive, at least in terms of biodiversity. Jerbos and desert hares go hunting. Gazelles settle down at water points. Small cattle nomads move to the watering hole with donkeys, goats and sheep and let the animals eat on thorn bushes and dry grasses. Otherwise the sand seas dominate. In the rock massifs there are, among other things, many species of scorpion, cobras, sand lizards and other small animals. In the adjacent Sinai Mountains, ibex are native to entire colonies. There you can also find acacia trees, sycamores and tamarisks.

The pyramids of Giza are impressive in size

The Great Pyramid has a side length of 230 meters and a height of today 139 meters. The Khafreypramid is slightly shorter at 215 meters and measured at a current height of 136 meters. The smallest, the Mykerino pyramid, has a side length of 103 meters and a height of 65 meters.

The presumed construction of the pyramids of Giza

The construction of the pyramids of Giza is still puzzled today: inscriptions and mummies were found near the tombs in the Valley of the Kings. In the pyramids of Giza, however, there were no mummies, grave goods or inscriptions to be found. It has long been believed that around 10,000 Egyptian workers, possibly slaves, built the pyramids of Giza. To this day it has not been possible to clarify how the pyramids were created. The technical means at the time, with which one could imagine how the pyramids of Giza could have come about, were in fact not available. Pulley blocks and wheels were not yet invented. There is a theory that the heavy stones were transported on sledges over heaped ramps. Due to the pyramid shape, this would be a very plausible assumption. It is estimated that this type of construction will take around 20 years to build. Just building the road to haul the stones took around 10 years.

With the construction of the pyramid of Saqqara and the Great Pyramid of Cheops, experience could already have been gained that allowed a supposedly mature and modern construction method. The relevant quarries and the labor yards for building the Giza Pyramids have been found nearby. Six wooden boats were also found near the pyramids. One of them has been restored and can now be found in a museum near the Chepren pyramid.

The Giza pyramids and their myths

There are many legends and myths surrounding the Giza pyramids. Much remains mysterious and obscure. To go on the trail and journey of discovery is fascinating and interesting at the same time.

It is now clear that the pyramids of Giza were precisely aligned with the four cardinal points. It has been researched that the pyramids were at least partially built from an astronomical point of view. The Swiss author Erich von Däniken, for example, takes the view that extraterrestrials were the clients for building the local pyramids. Robert Bauval, Belgian author and lecturer, initiated the Orion theory, which states that the map for the pyramids can be found in the stars. There are hundreds of different theories on the internet alone. Research into the formation of the Giza Pyramids is still in full swing. To follow in the footsteps of this history is something very special and impressive, ultimately it is about the most spectacular buildings in human history.

    A closer look at the pyramids of Giza: Pyramid of Cheops, Pyramid of Chephren and Pyramid of Mykerinos

    Cheops pyramid

    The most famous and largest pyramid of the Giza pyramids is the Great Pyramid of Cheops. It was built from unadjustable 3 million stone blocks. The average weight of each block was 2.5 tons. Inside the pyramid is a gallery 8.5 meters high and 47 meters long. The royal burial chamber joins at the end. Here are the remains of a granite sarcophagus. This is where the queen's chamber and the first underground burial chamber adjoin. The remains of the mortuary temple and the access road are on the east side of the pyramid.

    Chephren pyramid

    The middle of the pyramids of Giza is the Chepren pyramid, which is completely clad with limestone slabs. The Chephren pyramid is located a little higher, making it appear larger than the Cheops pyramid and is therefore easily confused. The 400 meter long path leads directly to the mortuary temple, past the great Sphinx of Giza and the sphinx temple to the pyramid.

    Mykerinos pyramid

    The Mykerinos pyramid also has limestone slabs on the upper part of the pyramid. The other 16 layers consist of rose granite edging. The then valley and mortuary temples of the pyramid are no longer completely preserved. The Cairo Museum has exhibited the Mykerinus group of statues.

    The Giza pyramids and their Sphinx

    The 20 meter high and 74 meter long Sphinx was built at the same time as the Giza pyramids. She is seen as the guardian of the dead kings of Egypt and impresses with her peace and quiet.

    As with the pyramids of Giza, myths and legends surround the construction of the Sphinx.

    The great Sphinx of Giza is the most famous and largest. The Sphinx depicts a graceful reclining lion with a human head and was probably built in the 4th Dynasty (approx. 2520 to 2494 BC). The head of the Sphinx is dressed in a Nemes headscarf with a Uraeus snake.

    Largest Egyptian museum in planning at the pyramids of Giza

    The Giza Museum is under construction and should be completed in 2020. It is supposed to be the largest archaeological museum in the world and is about two kilometers away from the necropolis of Giza.

    The pyramids of Giza are impressive from the plane. Seen on site, they are lasting and deeply moving impressions that will not be forgotten.

    The following trip visits this attraction:

    8 days round trip

    Egypt

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    Experience the highlights of Egypt on this compact 8-day round trip. Look forward to Cairo, the pulsating metropolis on the Nile, which ...

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